H1N1 – AN AIRBORNE PATHOGEN MENANCE

9 09 2009
A H1N1 sub-type virus -- the cause of 2009 flu pandemic

A H1N1 sub-type virus -- the cause of 2009 flu pandemic

Influenza A(H1N1) virus is a subtype of influenza virus A and the most common cause of influenza (flu) in humans. Some strains of H1N1 are endemic in humans and cause a small fraction of all influenza-like illness and large fraction of all seasonal influenza. H1N1 strains caused roughly half of all human flu infections in 2006. Other strains of H1N1 are endemic in pigs (swine influenza) and in birds (avian influenza)

In June 2009 , World Health Organization declared that flu due to a new strain of swine-origin H1N1 was responsible for the 2009 flu pandemic . This strain is commonly called “swine flu” by the public media

Prepared by: The EST panel of SMKA Al-Irshad

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Answers for TEST YOUR MIND (18th Issue Edition)

15 08 2009

These are the answers for the section in the latest issue of Irshadian Explorer (19) :

1)      Who were the first Scientist brothers who couldn’t invent an aeroplane?

2)      How does the ocean say hello to the sand?

3)      Which is the most slippery country in the world?

4)      Read the following

“ YY U R YY U B I C U R YY 4 ME”

5)      How does a boat show affection?

ANSWER.

  1. The wrong brothers
  2. It gives it a wave
  3. Greece
  4. Too wise you are, too wise you be, I see you are too wise for me
  5. It hugs the shore.

Prepared by: Nur Adilla Abd Rahim





VOICES – THE SYMPHONY OF NATURE…

4 08 2009
This is the truth...

This is the truth...

            Close your eyes…imagine that you are now flying back to a century -time ago. Standing on the peak of a hill that lies in the heart of the thick green forest, you could really feel the borderless-carpet of grass tickling your feet. Immerse yourself into the utmost tranquility where the wind creeps; caressing your cheeks, or even the pearls of rains that pour down, touching your fingers. On the east, can you see the brightening sunlight sifted between young and old trees. Close your eyes and you hear the linnets are singing while in the azure sky, the clouds are racing.  Close your eyes, and dare to lift up the veil of mist and you could really hear the voices—the symphony of nature.

            Now, open your eyes. Take a gaze around. Where are you?

            Even you close your eyes back, can you hear the voices? I mean the symphony of nature?

            Human! They never stop experimenting. They never stop destroying. Do you ever know what’s on earth are happening till this very minute?!  Ices at the north-pole are rapidly melting and the planet’s temperature keeps on rising. It may seem improbable that a shift of a few degrees in temperature could have a large effect, but even a seemingly small shift in the temperature of a system as vast as the entire surface of the planet, sustained over a number of years, can cause a dramatic change everywhere!

             Did you know that mankind has destroyed more than one-third of the natural world in the past three decades? I had read somewhere; in this epoch, the storks are never scared to the razor-sharp teeth of a crocodile like in the story-tale but it is the teeth of the uncountable of chainsaws that they fear the most! Endangered wildlife, water shortage, climate changes, carbon monoxide, green house effects, what else should be written in the long-endless list? We had learnt all the A to Z stuffs on the effects of the growth of the concrete jungles, but the ignorance of protecting the environment is still a big question.

            Seriously, we are on the brink of extinction of mankind that ever lives in the entire galaxy! It is not impossible if we need to use the safety-mask to keep on breathing and surviving. If the day comes, we are actually ourselves; an alien! Ah…after all this while, we can still dump tones of rubbish when 12% of birds are at the ace existence and 25% of mammals are threatened of destruction. My EST teacher always said that something will happen on 2012. Something bad such a turbo-speed of north-pole melting that will risen up the sea level rapidly and we will all die , drowning in a huge-ball of water that mankind themselves had created.

            Change, we need! Stop polluting. Teach yourself to be an alert man. Let us create a better generation for tomorrow. It’s in our hands.

            Do you know? Till this very moment, I am still waiting and hoping. That one day, when I close my eyes, I can hear the voices—the symphony of nature…





SNACK ATTACK!!

4 08 2009

You’re hungry. Again. Your stomach is grumbling. You reach for the only thing that will quiet the rumbling – a snack. But, what’s the deal? Why do you seem to be so hungry all the time? You’re growing. You’re body needs extra vigor and nutrients from food. So quiet the grumble and rumble: EAT A SNACK!! Now, read on some tips to help your snacking be tops.

SNACKTOLD #1: Picks snacks to fill your Pyramid gaps; hit your day‘s Bread Group target by snacking on a bagel, pretzels, popcorn, muffin, breakfast cereal, or oatmeal cookies, among others. If your day’s meals come up short in the Vegetable and Fruit Groups, reach for crunchy raw vegetables, frozen fruits juice bars, dried fruits or a place of whole fruit. Short on the Milk Group? Grab string cheese, a carton of reduced fat yogurt, frozen yogurt, or guzzle a glass of milk if you have a gap on the Meat Group, try a hard-boiled egg, a slice of meat or a handful of peanuts.

SNACKTOLD #2: If you snack on foods that have some fats or sugars, no problem. Just keep your helpings sensible.

SNACKTOLD #3: Take time to enjoy your snacks, as well as your meals. You know? It takes a while for your brain to know your stomach is full. So, the best way is slow down, eat and enjoy.

SNACKTOLD #4: Make snack drinks count toward food-group servings. Drinking reduced fat milk, fruit juice or a shake as a snack can help build your day’s Pyramid.

SNACKTOLD #5: Do you reach for a snack when you’re bored, nervous, cheery, angry or tense? If you do, you may perhaps be eating when you’re not hungry. Find other ways to handle your feelings. Go for a walk, listen to music or call a friend.

SNACKTOLD #6:  Last but not least, use food labels to make sharp snack choices. The Nutrition Facts tell you the calories, fats and other nutrients in one serving. ( just double the number for two servings).

Prepared by: Ezati Afiqah





ANNE FRANK- THE DIARY OF A YOUNG GIRL

4 08 2009

anne frankBeing published in more than  50 languages since 1947 by her father, Otto Frank, Anne’s diary has become an inspiration for people all over the world to fight againts all types of discrimination. She wrote this inspirational diary while hiding in a small room in Amsterdam from the cruel Nazis during the World War II. She was staying shut away in secret with her parents, sister and four Jewish friends for nearly two years. For comfort, she started to express her thoughts and feelings in words as she got no friends. Anne was 13 when she started to write. Like other teenagers, she looked forward to adult life. She had high ideals and wished to be useful or give pleasure to people around her. Unfortunately, in 1944, the Frank’s family hiding place was intruded by the GESTAPO   ( German secret police). Anne was sent to the Bergen-Belsen prison camp in Germany. Her life was over at the camp at the young age of 15.

Prepared by: Ummu Aiman Zolkifli





WHY DOES THE SKIN OF A BANANA TURN BROWN WHEN YOU LEAVE IT OUTSIDE?

4 08 2009
Yummy!

Yummy!

Bananas turn brown when left outside after a while because certain chemicals in the fruit react with the oxygen in the air by destroying cells, creating that icky brown colour. This interaction eventually forms a chemical that, weirdly enough, is similar in structure to the pigment found in suntanned human skin.

But as disturbing as that sound, it is all perfectly natural. After all, oxygen is very reactive element and combines with many substances in a reaction called oxidation. Bananas, apples, peaches and pears are fruits that are easily oxidized.

Before you dispose of any discoloured fruits that look, well, disgusting, keep in mind that they are still edible in most cases as long as they are not too brown and squishy. If you still frown on browning, though, try squeezing a bit of lemon juice on your fruit. The vitamin C (ascorbic acid) in the lemon acts as an antioxidant – a food additive that slows down the reaction between the substances in the fruit and the oxygen in the air. As a result, the lemon juice helps prevent browning and preserving the taste and colour of the fruit. Bakers give this sour substance their vote of confidence by using in it recipes for apple pie; this ensures that the apples look every bit as good as their taste.

Prepared by : Nur Ainah Mohd Shipah